Godwad Safari Camp, Bera, Rajasthan, India

The Indian leopard is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent and classified as Near Threatened by IUCN since 2008.
Scientific name: Panthera pardus fusca
Higher classification: Leopard
Rank: Subspecies
Mass: 50 – 77 kg (Male), 29 – 34 kg (Female)
Tail length: 76 – 87.6 cm (Female), 76 – 91 cm (Male)
Body length: 104 – 117 cm (Female), 127 – 142 cm (Male)
Size of territory: 5 – 7 km²
1) Leopards are nocturnal.
2) Male leopards are up to 50 per cent larger than females.
3) They don't roar as loud as Tigers, but leopards can also purr.
4) Leopards can take prey as large as antelopes, but will also eat dung beetles and other insects.
5) They are famously good at climbing up trees, and down – they often descend head first.
A male leopard can drag a carcass three times its own weight six meters up at tree. Watercourses attract antelopes wild bores live-stock and other creatures. Rocky outcrops and caves provide cover for resting leopards and their young. The babul trees that surround the Rocky desert make a good view of the terrain, as well as providing a place to stash kills away from scavenging hyenas and offering protection from direct human contact.
They use the full terrain of the Aravali to their advantage. They are good swimmers, excellent climbers and hunt the widest variety of prey in the indian sub continent.
A leopard's diet can include insects, common langur, hare, peafowl, fish and reptiles, as well as grazing animals. They are as happy to scavenge a meal as hunt one. Leopards are superbly camouflaged hunters that creep to within a few meters of their unsuspecting quarry before lunging, using powerful jaw muscles, to exert a lethal hold.
Leopards are stealthy in other ways, too. They are solitary, elusive creatures, and – despite being the most geographically widespread of the big cats – the hardest to find and film. Leopards are known to spend most of the day hidden in trees or caves. Still, leopards have a few tricks of their own, and – again – stealth is chief among them. They hunt, kill and feed quickly and quietly, to avoid drawing undue attention to their presence. Their spots and rosettes can be either round or square to make the very best use of the camouflage available. In different habitats around the world, leopards have evolved darker or paler markings to make the best use of their surroundings.


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